Most people feel worried at various points in their lives, and the feeling frequently goes away by itself. An anxiety disorder is separate. If you’ve been determined with one, you may require help managing anxiety. Treatment typically contains psychotherapy and medication.
While drugs don’t heal anxiety, they can help you maintain your symptoms, so you can function well and feel superior in your day-to-day life.
Many types of medications are present. Because every person is separate, you and your doctor may have to try hard medications to find the correct one for you.
Benzodiazepines are calmative that can help relax your muscles and calm your brain. They work by enhancing the effects of consist of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that pass on messages between your brain cells.
Benzodiazepines help heal many types of anxiety disorders, involving panic illness, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Examples of these drugs involve:
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- diazepam (Valium)
- lorazepam (Ativan)
Benzodiazepines are typically used for short time treatment of anxiety. This is because they can enhance drowsiness and cause issues with balance and memory. They can also be habit-forming. There’s an enhancing epidemic of benzodiazepine misuse.
It’s necessary to only use these drugs until your doctor advises other treatments. However, if you have a panic illness, your doctor may prescribe benzodiazepines for up to one year.
In adding to drowsiness and memory issues, taking benzodiazepines can also cause confusion, vision issues, headaches, and feelings of depression.
If you’ve taken a benzodiazepine daily for more than two weeks, it’s necessary not to stop the pills instantly, as this could cause a seizure in some people. Instead, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about slowly tapering off your dosage to decrease your danger of seizure.
Buspirone is used to heal both short-term anxiety and chronic (long-lasting) anxiety illness. It’s not fully understood how buspirone works, but it’s thought to affect chemicals in the brain that adjust the mood.
Buspirone can take up to various weeks to become fully effective. It’s present as a generic drug as well as the brand-name drug Buspar.
Symptoms can involve dizziness, headaches, and nausea. Some people also report weird dreams or trouble sleeping when they take buspirone.
Antidepressant drugs work by affecting neurotransmitters. These drugs can be used to heal anxiety side effects, but they usually take four to six weeks to increase noticeable effects.
Types of antidepressants involve:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) work by enhancing levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that affects mood, sexual wish, appetite, sleep, and memory. SSRIs are typically started at a low dose that your doctor or your pharmacist gradually enhances.
Examples of SSRIs used to heal anxiety include:
- Escitalopram (Lexapro)
- Fluoxetine (Prozac)
- Paroxetine (Paxil)
- Sertraline (Zoloft)
SSRIs can cause a variety of side effects, but most people tolerate them well. Side effects can include:
- Dry mouth
- Muscle weakness
- Sexual dysfunction
If you have a worried about a particular side effect, talk to your doctor.
Tricyclics work, as well as SSRIs, do for healing most anxiety disorders, except obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). It’s thought that tricyclics work the same as SSRIs. Like SSRIs, tricyclics are started at a low dose and then enhanced gradually.
Examples of tricyclics used for anxiety involve:
- clomipramine (Anafranil)
- imipramine (Tofranil)
Tricyclics are older medications that are used less frequently because newer drugs cause fewer symptoms.
Side effects of tricyclics can involve dizziness, drowsiness, lack of energy, and dry mouth. They can also involve nausea and vomiting, constipation, blurred vision, and weight gain. Symptoms can frequently be run by changing the quantity or switching to another tricyclic.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are used to heal panic disorder and social phobia. They work by enhancing the number of neurotransmitters that regulate mood.
MAOIs that are FDA-accepted to heal depression but used off-label for anxiety involve:
- Isocarboxazid (Marplan)
- Phenelzine (Nardil)
- Selegiline (Emsam)
- Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
Like tricyclics, MAOIs are older medicines that cause more symptoms than newer drugs. MAOIs also comes with content restrictions. For instance, if you take an MAOI, you can’t eat contain foods, such as cheese and red wine.
Contain medications, involving SSRIs, some birth control pills, pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, cold and allergy medications, and herbal supplements can respond with MAOIs.
Using an MAOI with these foods or drugs can risky enhance your blood pressure and cause other potentially life-threatening symptoms.